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辉煌发展60年(之十九)
2018-10-23 11:37     (点击: )

辉煌发展60年(之十九).jpeg

青海盐湖60周年

                    凝心聚力,跋涉中国钾肥新坦途

jiafeizuoweiwoguozhongyaodejichuxingchanye,duibaozhangnongyeshengchan、manzurenminshenghuoxuyaojuyoushifenzhongyaodeyiyi。zhongguozaizhujianrongruquanqiujingjidachaodeguochengzhong,“jiafeiren”yijingbashechuzijidetantu,zaitizhigaige、linianchuangxin、shichangkaituo、yingxiaofengcai、ziyuangongji、qudaozhenghedengfangmian,jinxingleduojiaodu、shencengci、quanfangweideshenshi、tansuo、guancha,tilianchuleningjiejitizhihui、shiheziyuanjiegou、tuchuqiyeyoushidefazhansiluhechuangxinlinian,zhanshilezhongguojiafeiqiyelijingtuzhi、ruiyichuangxindejingshenfengmao,tishenglezhenggezhongguojiafeixingyezaiguojishichangzhongdezhimingduheyingxiangli。

guoqudejinianzhong,guoneijiafeishichangchanxiao、gongxudejiegouxingbianhuatuidongwoguojiafeixingyezhubuxingchengle“gongyingwending、jingzhengyouxu、lixingfazhan”de“xinchangtai”。mianduigengkaifangdeshichanghegengjiliedejingzheng,zhongguojiafeirenyifangmianzhenghechuantongziyuan,jiangdishengchanchengben,tishengqiyejingzhengli,yifangmianjieli“yidaiyilu”,dalituozhanguojishichang,jiakuaituijinqiyezouchuqubufa。ziyuanjinquedekunnanzhong,zhongguojiafeiruheziligengsheng?gongjicegaigelangchaozhong,xingyeruhepingwenjiankangfazhan?

suhuashuo:“huochepaodekuaiyaokaochetoudai”。zuoweizhongguojiayanjiafeixingyezuzhidelingtouyangyijiyanhugufengongsidezhangmenren,shiruhedingweiyanhugufengongsidexingyezerenni?jinri,《zhongguonongzi》jizheyuzhongguowujiyangongyexiehuijiayanjiafeixingyefenhuilishizhang、qinghaiyanhugongyegufenyouxiangongsidongshizhangwangxingfuzaicijinxingleduihua。

《中国农资》记者:企业站位高,自然责任大。记得您曾多次谈到“国家粮食安全”问题,您是如何看待我国的粮食安全问题的?作为中国无机盐工业协会钾盐钾肥行业分会理事长、青海盐湖工业股份有限公司董事长,您认为行业在保障粮食安全方面可以做什么?企业又能如何贡献自己的一份力量?

王兴富:中国杂交水稻之父袁隆平以“这是一场输不起的战争”来形容今天中国粮食安全的紧迫性。我国建国以来,粮食总产量从不足1亿吨达到6亿多吨,化肥发挥了重要作用。联合国粮农组织资料显示,肥料对提高我国粮食生产能力的贡献率为45%-50%,其中钾肥的作用不可或缺。提高粮食产量就不可避免地要施用化肥(主要包括氮、磷、钾),科学使用肥料可以提高土壤肥力,促进作物的生长,提高产品品质,提升农业生产效率。

zuoweizhenggexingyexiehuilaishuo,yaojijishiyingxinchangtai、yinlingxinchangtai,tuchuzhuahaojingjiyunxing、kejichuangxin、jiegoudiaozheng、anquanhuanbao、guojijiaoliu、zishenjianshedengzhongdiangongzuo;yaoshizhongjianchishuangxiangfuwuzongzhi,zunxunquanguoyipanqidesixiang,fahuiningxinjulidezuoyong,huiyuanyuqiyeyaoyangezunshoufazhihuashichanghuayuanze,baotuanqunuan,gongkeshijian,jiadaluohouchannengtaotailidu,tuidongchanyebujuyouhuadiaozheng,shishijishugaizaoshengji,dalishishilvsefazhan,zhazhashishizuohaojiayanjiqigongbanshengziyuandeshenjiagong,baozhangguoneijingzhengli。

yanhugufenzuoweiminzugongyeqiye,zhijinyiyinglaidi60gechunqiu,womenzaizuoqiangzuiyouzuodajiafeichanyeguochengzhong,jianxingzhe“rangmeiyigezhongguorenzhenzhengjiangfanwanlaolaoduanzaizijishoushang!”jinnianlai,yanhugufengongsijiezhujishuchuangxin、ziyuanliyonghehuagongjishuyoushi,shifeiliaochanyezhubuyouyoushizhudaopinzhixiangduijiehuagongshangxiayoudequanjiafeiliaopinzhongmaijin,zuidahuadiliyongziyuankaifajiafeichanpin。womenzizhuyanfaleguanglushishuicaichuan、fanfuxuanlengjiejing、gutirongjiezhuanhuadengdianfuxingjishu,xingcheng500wandunlvhuajia、50wandunjiajian、40wandunxiaosuanjia、7.2wanduntansuanjiachanneng,jianchenglezhongguodezuidajiagongyejidi;chuanglilejiaziyuan“guyezhuanhua、qudongkaicai、pinfujiancai、xunhuanhuishou”dedutekaifamoshi,ziyuanbaozhangyou30niankaicai100wanduntigaodao50niankaicai500wandun,shixianleyanhuzaizao。

《中国农资》记者:农资行业经过多年的高速增长,已经进入全面整合的竞争阶段。近年来随着整体化肥市场行情的低迷,钾肥逐渐由卖方市场转变为买方市场,产业营销创新迫在眉睫。面对这些困难,您认为中国钾肥如何发展?在供给侧改革的浪潮中,您认为行业如何平稳、健康地发展?

王兴富:中国钾肥企业在科学规划和循环利用资源上的努力,是近年来行业发展一个亮点。我国可溶性钾盐矿查明资源量是10.05亿吨(折KCL),基础储量5.355亿吨,约占世界钾基础储量总量的5%,其中89%以上资源储量集中分布于青海柴达木盆地和新疆罗布泊盐湖,钾矿所在地地理位置偏僻,自然环境恶劣,配套开采条件差。钾盐资源以卤水钾矿为主,钾矿品位相对较低,因而生产成本相对较高。利用有限资源在最大程度上满足国内钾肥需求是中国钾肥人的宏愿,要实现这一目标,坚持科学规划、合理开采势在必行。

liruzaixinjiang,luobuboyanhulushuizhongyunzangdejia、mei、li、pengdengtongyangshiduijingjishehuifazhanjuyouzhanlveyiyidebaoguiziyuan。guotouxinjiangluobubojiayanyouxianzerengongsizaijinjinianyezaijijitansuojinenggengshihezhongguoturanganquan,younengchongfenjiehezishenziyuandexinchanpin。tamenshenruwajuenongyexuqiudejudaqianli,jiadajiaziyuanyuzhongweiliangyuansudejiehedeyanfalidu,tigaoluobubolushuiziyuandeliyonglv,zhenduinongzuowuyingyongduankexuexuqiu,kaifajingpinfei,zhuanyongfei,zheizaixingyezhongjuyouhenqiangdedaidongzuoyong。

yanhugufengongsizuoweiguojiashoujiadaxingjiafeishengchanjidi,shizhonggaoduzhongshijishuchuangxingongzuo,jianchi“yiwoweizhu、jiadatouru、gulichuangxin、kuanrongshibai”defangzhen,zi1992nianguojia“qiwu”zhongdiangongchengyiqi20wandunjiafeixiangmujianchengtouchan,zhi2000nianleijitourujin3yiyuanjinxingguoliusuanjia、tansuanjia、beirongji、dinayan、dinaguanglushidengyanhuagongchanpindekaifa,jinxingguorerong、yantianzhongjiejing、lengjiejing、duilujingzhidengduozhonglvhuajiagongyiluxiandekaifa,jinxingguojingcai、shenqucailu、gaoweiqudaoshusong、yantianchibanshaizhi、yantianchuanlianyubinglianzoushuidengcaishulu、yantiangongyideyanjiu,youchenggong,yeyoushibai。danwulunruhedouweimuqianyanhugufengongsidekeyan、fazhanyingzaolelianghaofenwei、jileilechanyehuashijiandebaoguijingyan。

zhongguojiayanjiafeixingyedefazhanhaixuyaoguojiazhengcedezhichi,zaici,wotichujidianjianyi:jiangyanhuxunhuanjingjinaruguojiazhanlve,zhangxianxinchangtaizanshixingkunjing;rongru“yidaiyilu”,zhichiyanhugufen“zouchuqu”;sheliyanhuxincailiaoyingyongzhongdayanjiuzhuanxiang;tongchouguochanyujikoujiafeichubei;xiediaojianliguojiayanhumeichuangxinzhongxin;jiaqiangdingcengsheji,jianchiguihuayinling,bujuyanhumeijidi,tuijinxinnengyuanzhichiyanhukaifa,sheliyanhumeicailiaoyingyongyanfazhuanxiang,chutailvsezhizaozhuanxiangzhengce,zhichiyanhudaibiaoguojiajianshejingwaijiafeijidideng。

《中国农资》记者:盐湖是青海最重要的资源也是国家的战略性资源,盐湖股份成立60年以来实现了我国钾肥工业的从无到有、从小到大、从弱到强的发展之路,未来将如何布局盐湖股份公司的发展?

王兴富:盐湖股份建成了我国最大、世界第四钾肥基地,大幅度地增强了进口钾肥贸易的话语权,使我国成为世界钾肥价格洼地。多年来同比印度、巴西等国家每吨钾肥产品低30美元-50美元,提升土壤氮磷钾比例,为我国农业增产作出巨大贡献。目前,盐湖股份的氯化钾年产能500万吨、尿素年产能66万吨、硝酸钾年产能40万吨。

yanhugufenlizuyanhufazhanshiji,jiangjianchidingcengsheji,bayanhuziyuandekaifaliyongfangzaiquanguodajuzhongqumouhuaqutuijin,zuohaoziyuan、ziben、zichan、guanli、jishu、jizhi、dangjian、shichangdenggefangmiandedingcengsheji,peiyugengjutesedeyanhujingji。weilaijiangjinyibutongchouhaoguoneiwailiangzhongziyuan、lianggeshichang,jianchichanyebaoguodechuxinbuhuibian,laogushuli“sigeyishi”,zhudongrongru“yidaiyilu”,shishijiafei“zouchuqu”zhanlve,zuozhuanzuojingzuoyouzuoqiangzuodajiafeichanye,fahuidaitouzuoyong,weizhongguoliangshianquanshengchanzaizuoxingongxian。

youxiangguanbumendegaoduzhongshi,youkeyanjishudeyoulizhicheng、youyanhurendefenfatuqiang,zhongguodejiayanchanyezaizhuiqiuruobianqiangdebuxienulizhong,bijiangyinglaiyizhongzhanxindejumian。

                                                        zhuanzi《zhongguonongzichuanmei》

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